Sigmund Freud

I've never felt within my depth in this city. I believe nowadays that I've always regretted the marvellous forests of my childhood, and one of my remembrances evokes me the fact that I used to run as if I wanted to get away from my father, when I was scarcely able to walk…

Known as the father of psychoanalysis, this Austrian psychiatrist and neurologist was born in Freiberg (today Pribor in the Czech Republic), where he received his primary education, until he went to study at the University of Vienna at the age of 17. Later, Freud opened his private clinic in the city and used hypnosis on his patients. At the beginning of the new century, he also started to publish his works, in which he proved his controversial theories. He believed in the existence of a deep, unexplored part of the human mind called the unconscious. In his 'Interpretation of Dreams', he developed dream symbolism. In 1907, Freud and Carl Jung, another famous psychotherapist of the era and an opponent of his theories, met for the first time. In 1930, Freud was awarded with the Goethe Prize. During World War II, however, his books were often burned by the Nazis. In June 1938, Freud and his family fled to London. Though subject to much criticism, Sigmund Freud's theories have definitely had a lot of impact upon the social psychology and psychotherapy of the 20th Century, and have influenced literary culture, as well.