Transportation in Germany

Germany is one of the busiest transportation hubs in the contemporary world. Every minute, hundreds of international flights, trains, buses and ferries depart from cities and towns all around the country. The internal system of transportation is equally busy, providing fast, frequent and reliable links between all of the country’s major attractions.

Germany boasts an extensive domestic bus network, running along the major railway routes as well as connecting the major towns with all of the locations inaccessible by train. The central bus stations are usually located near the main train station of a city or town. Smaller bus companies, such as those serving Eastern European destinations, operate from their own terminals. Public and private operators offer a wide range of connections to destinations all around Europe and North Africa.
Fare Type: Who? Price: Validity:
Berlin Linien Bus, one way All 45 EUR Berlin-Munich
Eurolines, one way All 65 EUR Berlin-Budapest
Germany boasts an ultra-modern network of more than 650,000 kilometres of motorways and local roads, connecting virtually all of the cities and towns within the country. The national roads are known as autobahnen. The motorways are free, though if you want to enter areas designated as 'pollution-free', you'll have to purchase a special vignette. Driving constitutes by far the most popular way of getting around the country. If you don't have your own car, you can use the popular carpool service, through which you can arrange a free lift to your desired destination. The most popular carpool hosts are Mitfahrzentrale and Mitfahrgelegenheit. There are no toll roads in Germany.
On a weekday, 32,000 scheduled trains depart from German cities and towns. Thanks to the thorough modernisation and employment of new technologies, trains in Germany can travel at a much higher than average speed, 120 kilometres per hour for regular trains and up to 250 kilometres per hour for the high-speed trains. An array of combined passes and discounts allow visitors to plan their journey according to their needs and expectations. The German Rail Pass provides access to all trains within Germany for 4-10 days within a month, high-speed ICE trains and trains to Salzburg (Austria) and Basel (Switzerland) included.
Fare Type: Who? Price: Validity:
DB, one way All 37 EUR Hanover-Dortmund
German Rail Pass All 169 EUR 4 days
Germany is often said to be world's largest tarmac. Virtually every larger town in the country has its own airport, often serving both international and domestic flights. The national carrier is Lufthansa, but virtually every airline in the world operates a connection to at least one German destination. The largest of all its airports is the Frankfurt am Main Airport, the third busiest gateway in Europe, serving well over 50,000,000 passengers every year. Other important airports are Schonefeld and Tegel in Berlin, Halle in Leipzig, as well as the airports in Hamburg, Dusseldorf, Hanover and Cologne/Bonn. There are many domestic connections between these and many other airports.
Fare Type: Who? Price: Validity:
Air Berlin one way All 29 EUR Berlin Tegel-Barcelona,
Air Berlin, one way All 50 EUR Frankfurt am Main-Stockholm
Germanwings, one way All 70 EUR Berlin Schonefeld-Cologne/Bonn
Lufthansa, one way: All 150 EUR Madrid-Munich
A multitude of ferry connections operate between Germany and many Northern and Eastern European countries. Ports of Rostock, Kiel, Sassnitz, Travemuende, Puttgarden, Luebeck and List offer scheduled service to Oslo in Norway, Helsinki in Finland, Malmo, Gotheburg and Trelleborg in Sweden, Rodby, Gedser and Romo in Denmark, Swinoujscie in Poland, Klaipeda in Lithuania, Riga and Liepaja in Latvia, and Kaliningrad and St. Petersburg in Russia. There's also a lake ferry service across Lake Constance to Basel in Switzerland.
Fare Type: Who? Price: Validity:
Color Line, one way All 348 EUR Kiel-Oslo, 4 persons + car
City Transport
In general, public transportation in German cities is very modern and well-organised. Most cities operate an S-Bahn network, which is a fast commuter train, and many also have a U-Bahn, the German name for the metro. All of these means of transportation are reliable and run frequently, often until late at night. Taxi service is generally slightly cheaper than in other major European capitals.
Fare Type: Who? Price: Validity:
Berlin, 24-hour pass All 6.10 EUR 24 hours
Munich, 10-ride ticket All 10.50 EUR 10 rides