Located in south-eastern Europe, Serbia is one of the Balkan republics which once formed the state of Yugoslavia. After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Serbia was united with Montenegro for some time, but since 2006 these two states have been independent. Culturally shaped by West and East alike, Serbia has much to offer as a tourist destination, including Medieval castles, beautiful historical towns and lovely landscapes.
The many castles around the whole territory of Serbia are among the major attractions there. You should visit the huge Petrovaradin Citadel, overlooking the Danube River, in the agglomeration of Novi Sad, the imposing Kalemegdan Fortress in the neighbourhood of Belgrade, Smederevo Fortress, which used to be a capital of Serbia for some time, as well as the scenically located Castle in Golubac, placed on the rocks over the Danube. There are also fortresses dating back to ancient times, such as the Roman palace in Mediana, situated on the outskirts of Nis, and Felix Romuliana in Gamzigrad, a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its beautiful architecture and precious decorations. Also, there are numerous interesting historical towns all over the country. Picturesque Subotica, located in the Voivodina province, is one of the most attractive, but Zrenjanin, Nis and Novi Sad are worth a visit, too. Many tourists go to Studenica, known for its impressive Orthodox monastery, or to Stare Selo with its wooden church, which is a Serbian national treasure.
Its capital city is Belgrade, literally ‘White City’, one of the most visited towns of the country. It’s a city with dramatic history, which experienced violence in 1999 when NATO bombed it in response to the military actions of the Serb army in the Kosovo province. The huge St. Sava Church is a must-see attraction there, and the Old Palace, Belgrade Fortress, Republic Square and Parliament building are also interesting places to visit. A stroll along Knez Mihajlova, the main pedestrian street of the city, gives the opportunity to observe various architectural styles. A wide range of museums, such as the Nikola Tesla Museum, National Museum, Museum of Contemporary Art, Ethnographic Museum or even the Museum of African Art gives tourists a wide choice of attractions. The vibrant nightlife scene is focused in the centre, around the banks of the Sava and Danube Rivers, and along the streets of Obilicev Venac and Strahinjica Bana, both lined with popular cafés.
Serbia is an inland country, so don’t count on holidays on the beach there, unless you go to Belgrade to take advantage of the Ada Ciganija, an island on the Sava River which offers a beach. However, those considering a good holiday close to nature will also find this country interesting. Serbia has a diverse area, from limestone ranges and rich, fertile plains to ancient mountains. There are also mountains which attract both hikers and skiers, predominantly the resorts of Zlatibor, Kopaonik, Brezovica and Tara. Another attractive destination is the town of Palic, with its large lake. Several popular spas and health resorts can be identified by the word ‘Banja’ in their names. A few national parks were established to protect the most beautiful regions of the country.
Serbia is an interesting country which unquestionably deserves exploration. It was a birthland for 17 Roman emperors, and is now the world’s greatest producer of raspberries. There are also interesting festivals, such as the In Vino Wine Festival or Guca Trumpet Festival, which draw visitors from all Europe. Cultural diversity is both a blessing and a curse for Serbia, resulting in a plethora of different historical sights but also causing conflicts, such as the one around Kosovo. Regardless, Serbia is a friendly, safe and interesting country, with impressive tourist options.