The University of Belfast is the biggest in Northern Ireland; its campus is right in the center of the city. To the north of the city are the Glens of Antrim in County Antrim, when we come from Eyre, the Castlereagh Hills in County Down meet us first.
Overlooking the city are Divis Mountain, Black Mountain and Cavehill; the popular "Napoleon's Nose" (basaltic rock) is a favorite place for tourists to take pictures and walk around. As every city on the ocean, Belfast has a high level of humidity and frequent rainfall.
The Queen University Tower will give you an unforgettable panoramic view of Belfast. Victorian and Edwardian cultures combine to create the specific atmosphere of the city center. The largest dry dock on the planet is situated in Belfast, and the largest giant cranes (Samson and Goliath), which were used for building the infamous Titanic, can be observed from long distances.
The city is also very well-known for its wonderful murals and paintings, most of which explore the topic of the ever-lasting conflict between the Irish and the British. For instance, Shankill Road is full of the finest murals, being one of the landmarks of the city.
The ornately decorated Crown Liquor Saloon in Great Victoria Street is known as being the only pub owned by the National Trust. The Royal Courts of Justice building on Chichester Street is seat to Northern Ireland's Supreme Court.
Initially, the original Belfast Castle was at Castle Junction, a crossroads for traffic. In the 19th Century, Belfast became Ireland's second-most important industrial city, with linen, heavy engineering, tobacco and ship-building industries in the heart of the economy, and Belfast quickly outdid Dublin in terms of population by the end of the 19th Century. Migrants to Belfast came from across southern Ireland and mainly from Ulster.
Belfast grew into the center of Irish Unionism (people who wanted to join the UK), and in 1922 it was declared the capital of Northern Ireland, after Ireland was divided into Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Many Catholics left the country for the Republic of Ireland.
Belfast was the most heavily bombed Irish city during World War II. Lately, the city has become overwhelmingly Protestant, but today is almost evenly balanced due to a high Catholic demographic rise and rising prosperity, together with Protestant emigration and boundary changes which have fundamentally and irreversibly changed the balance.
We recommend you take a historical pubs tour - you'll see well-preserved interiors and exteriors, and your beer will acquire a new, more unique taste! Traditionally, an enormous and lavish Halloween feast is organized in Belfast, and in November there is an international film festival. A number of museums will take you through the worlds of folk art, painting, and sculpture. We also strongly recommend a visit to the Ulster Craft Open-Air Village.