Rome

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Top Sights Near Rome

Rome is a very crowded and busy city especially in the high season, so during your visit you might want to get away for a while. If you want to go to the seaside, the closest spot is Lido di Ostia – a beach that can be reached by Metro Line B. Further away, there's also Naples – the famous port city and Livorno, which in the Renaissance was described as “the ideal town.” If you're interested in archaeology, you won't miss a visit to Pompeii, the ancient city buried under the ashes from the eruption of Vesuvius volcano. You can also go to the Capri island which is only about 30 kilometres from the shore, with its landmark Blue Grotto – a cave that can be entered only by a boat as the only opening is partly under water.


Albano Laziale
Address: Lazio

This small comune is situated in the suburbs of Rome, just 25 kilometres from the city centre. The city is located on the site of the ancient Alba Longa, founded by Aeneas's son, Ascanius. In the past it was one of the main cities for the Latin tribes. Legend has it that it was also the birthplace of mythical founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus.
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Ancona
Address: Marche

Located on the Adriatic coast, Ancona is a large harbour and popular tourist venue, forming a triangle with Rome and Bologna. The town is located over two slopes, Monte Conero and Monte Astagno. Established in the 4th Century BC, the city was named after the port, whose natural form resembled an elbow, which in Greek is called ancona. After the decline of the Roman Empire, the city was invaded by Goths and Saracens, but then in the 11th Century it regained its prominence and became a major maritime republic - and the main opponent of Venice. Nowadays, Ancona is a prosperous city attracting visitors with its splendid Medieval architecture. Of particular interest is a beautiful 13th-century Cathedral, devoted to St Ciriaco, with a Gothic portal and ten columns attributed to the temple of Venus.
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Bolsena
Address: Lazio

Placed about 130 kilometres north from Rome, Bolsena Lake is considered the largest volcanic lake in Europe. Formed inside the crater of an extinct volcano, it is also among five of the largest lakes in Italy. First inhabited in the Iron Age, the area was then settled by the Etruscans who gave it the name of Vesna. Nowadays, the territory of Bolsena still preserves its historical origins and natural beauty of the virgin land. Framed by the Volsini mountains, the lake, set about an hour drive from Rome's airport of Fiumicino, remains one of the most beautiful green spaces in the central Italy.
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Capri
Address: Campania, Naples
Phone: +39 081 8370686
e-mail: [email protected]
Website: http://www.isle-of-capri.net/

Capri, a famous island located just off the coast of the Sorrentine Peninsula, has been popular resort ever since Roman times. The island is part of the Province of Naples and Capri is situated approximately 35 kilometres from Naples . In addition to the frequent ferries between Naples (or Sorrento) and Capri, there are other boat services providing passageway to the island. However, it is recommended to stay more than a day since the attractions at this historic place are numerous.
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Cassino
Address: Lazio

About 120 kilometres north of Rome there is the small town of Cassino. Located at the foot of the Monte Cairo, the city is best known as the site of the Battle of Monte Cassino. This is one of the most bloody confrontations during World War II and it resulted in a great number of casualties both for Allied and German sides, and it almost completely destroyed the town. After a total rebuilding, Cassino is nowadays home to the local university and a FIAT automotive plant. The adjacent Abbey of Montecassino offers a fantastic view over the city. The archaeological site of Cassino is also worth visiting, as it contains various remnants of Ancient Roman origins of Lazio.
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Castel Gandolfo

This castle tells the story of the bygone grandeur of the ducal Gandolfi family of the 12th Century. It was in the early 17th Century that the site became a domain of the Holy See and was substantially rebuilt, according to the outlines of the initial structure. Following the construction of the papal palace, it was set to serve as a summer residence of the pontiff. The initial structure was commissioned by Pope Urban VIII, and was subsequently enlarged by Alexander VII, Clement XIII, Pius IX. Boasting a mighty appearance, the site is still employed as a summer retreat of the Popes. Resting on a volcanic crater, and looking onto a placid lake, the castle boasts remarkable views. Partially taking up the remains of the summer residence of Emperor Domitian, the present-day residence was designed by architect Rabirius. The inner courtyard contains an important Roman bust of the cyclops Polyphemus, the mythical creature which Homer described in his epic 'Odysseya'. Castel Gandolfo, the small town containing the castle, is, otherwise, a cosy settlement characterised by the stately Castello, Piazza della Libertà, Chiesa San Tommaso di Villanova by Bernini and its excellent wines.
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Castelli Romani
Address: Lazio

Between the Albani and the Tuscolani hills, in the south-eastern part of Rome, there is an area with many small wine-producing villages, known as Castelli Romani. Because of its mild climate and peaceful surroundings, wealthy Romans chose these fields to build their impressive summer residences - from the Imperial times until present day. The best known villages of this area include Castel Gandolfo, with the summer mansion of the Pope, and Frascati, famous for its delicious white wines. Other interesting spots that can be found in this area are Monte Porzio Catone, Montecompatri, Rocca di Papa, Grottaferrata, Rocca Priora, Colonna, Marino, Albano Laziale, Genzano and Nemi. Set just off the Autostrada del Sole, it is an ideal stopping place for tourists who want to spend a relaxing afternoon in the summer heatwave. It is also a favourite place for Roman citizens to escape from the city at the weekend or during holidays.
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Castello di Santa Severa
Address: Via Aurelia 198

The castle of Santa Severa is set on the site of the ancient Pyrgi, a harbour town, which initially was a Medieval village. Over the centuries, the site has been substantially rebuilt, most notably, during the period between the 7th and the 9th Centuries, when it acquired the look of a Roman colony village. Written records of the Castellum Sanctae Saverae date back to the 11th Century, and mention the castle as property of the Abbey of Farfa. Its cylindric tower, known as the Saracen Tower, was a strategic watchpost. In the period between 12th and 15th Centuries the site received an array of additional structures, including two churches, a Baptistery with valuable frescoes, etc. The Santa Severa Church, one of the highlights of the castle comlex, was used by the Cassino monks of San Paolo, the Tiniosi family, the monks Eremite Agostiniani, etc. The site became the property of a single wealthy noble family in the 14th Century: the Venturini family. During the Renaissance, the site operated again under the aegis of the Roman Church, while in the 20th Century it was even used as a hospital. Excavations conducted by the Government Department of Archaeology in 1959 revealed many ancient settlement around the castle and thus it became a popular touristy spot.
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