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Famous People from London
(1434 - 1400 )
, Address in London: Upper Thames Street
Called the father of English literature, Chaucer is accorded a leading place among English poets prior to Shakespeare. This author used the English language when most court poetry was still written either in Latin or Anglo-Norman. His works are organised into three chronological sections: the French period (up to 1372), the Italian period (1372 - 1385) and the English period (1387 - 1400). The most important work of the French period is 'Book of Duchess'. Achievements from the Italian period include T'he House of Fame', 'The Parliament of Fowls' and T'he Legend of Good Women'. T'he Canterbury Tales', from the English period, is regarded as Chaucer's most outstanding poetic work, its central theme being a pilgrimage of about 30 people to the sanctuary of the martyr St. Thomas a Becket.
(1812-02-02 - 1870-06-09 )
, Address in London: 48 Doughty Street
It was a foggy day in London, and the fog was heavy and dark. Animate London, with smarting eyes and irritated lungs, was blinking, wheezing, and choking; inanimate London was a sooty spectre, divided in purpose between being visible and invisible, and so being wholly neither.
Recognised as one of the outstanding English prose writers, known for his opposition to social injustice and inequality, Dickens is the author of many novels that are shining examples of his genius. His career as a novelist took off in 1833, when his essays and short stories were published in periodicals. Among other novels, he wrote 'The Pickwick Papers' (1836), 'Oliver Twist' (1837-39), 'The Old Curiosity Shop' (1840-41), 'A Christmas Carol' (1843), 'David Copperfield' (1849-50), 'Hard Times' (1854), 'Little Dorrit' (1855-57), 'A Tale Of Two Cities' (1859), 'Great Expectations' (1860-61) and T'he Mystery Of Edwin Drood' (1870). A number of films based on Dickens's novels have been made; one of the most noteworthy being David Lean's grave version of 'Oliver Twist'. His novella A 'Christmas Carol', a much-cherished work, has been adapted for the screen on countless occasions.
(1709-09-18 - 1784-12-12 )
You find no man at all intellectual, who is willing to leave London. No, Sir, when a man is tired of London, he is tired of life; for there is in London all that life can afford.
Dr. Samuel Johnson's gifts as a poet, essayist, journalist and critic made him one of the most conspicuous men of 18th-Century life and letters. His translation of Pope's 'Messiah' into Latin appeared in 1731. His other important works include 'A Voyage to Abbyssinia' (1735), 'Miscellaneous Observations on the Tragedy of Macbeth' (1745), 'The Vanity of Human Wishes' (1749), 'Proposals for a New Edition of Shakespeare' (1756) and 'The Prince of Abbyssinia' (1759). His most outstanding accomplishment, though, was 'A Dictionary of the English Language' (1755). A publication of biographical essays of English poets in 1781 under the title 'The Lives of the Poets' marked the end of his career.
(1856-05-06 - 1939-08-23 )
, Address in London: 20 Maresfield Gdns NW3
He was an Austrian psychiatrist and the inventor of psychoanalysis (a term he first used in 'The Aetiology of Hysteria' in 1896). Though his theories shocked people of his day, it can't be denied that Freud was the most influential psychological theoretician of the 20th Century. He acknowledged the existence of sexual instinct in infants and stated that the sexual drive was the most important shaper of a person's psyche. The Freudian "Oedipus Complex" claims that in boys, there is a natural sexual attraction towards the mother and repulsion and jealousy towards the father. Later, he generated a similar theory for girls. His publications include 'The Interpretation of Dreams' (1900), T'hree Essays on the Theory of Sexuality' (1905), 'The Analysis of the Ego' (1921) and 'The Future of an Illusion' (1927).
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
(1859-05-22 - 1930-07-07 )
, Address in London: 12 Tennison Road, South Norwood, SE25
I had neither kith nor kin in England, and was therefore as free as air-- or as free as an income of eleven shillings and sixpence a day will permit a man to be. Under such circumstances, I naturally gravitated to London, that great cesspool into which all the loungers and idlers of the Empire are irresistibly drained.
While best remembered as the writer who brought Sherlock Holmes to life, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle also wrote 'The Hound of Baskervilles', which is, in fact, believed by critics to be his most remarkable work. His short stories about the genius detective and his loyal friend Dr. Watson were compiled into the books 'A Study in Scarlet' (1887), 'The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes' (1892), 'The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes' (1894), 'The Return of Sherlock Holmes' (1904), 'His Last Bow' (1917) and 'The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes' (1927). The 56 stories have been translated into a great many languages, and adapted into films and plays as well as radio and television series.
(1882-01-25 - 1941-03-28 )
, Address in London: 22 Hyde Park Gate, Kensington
London itself perpetually attracts, stimulates, gives me a play and a story and a poem, without any trouble, save that of moving my legs through the streets... To walk alone in London is the greatest rest.
Born in London as Adeline Virginia Stephen, she became one of the most recognised English novelists of Modernism. She was raised by a literate family, as her father Leslie Stephen was a famous Victorian writer and mountaineer as well as the widower of William Thackeray's daughter. Virginia's godfather was the American poet and writer James Russell Lowell. In result, ,she received a superb education at home. She started to write professionally in 1905 for the Times Literary Supplement. All her life, she suffered from rapid mood swings, and depression, which all found a reflection in her poetic prose. She was a member of an artistic association, known from around 1910 as the Bloomsbury Group. In 1912, she married the writer Leonard Woolf, and in 1917 they founded a publishing company together, called Hogarth Press. Virginia Woolf's first novel, 'The Voyage Out', appeared in 1915. feminist and lesbian themes are found in some of her books. She also used rhythms that imitated the flow of the mind and intensified the experience of time passing. Her other notable novels are 'Mrs Dalloway' (1925), 'To the Lighthouse' (1927) and 'Orlando' (1928). She died tragically, drowning herself in the River Ouse.
(1874-11-30 - 1965-01-24 )
, Address in London: 10 Downing Street / 34 Eccleston Square, Belgravia
Said about the city: “Hitler expects to terrorise and cow the people of this mighty city… Little does he know the spirit of the British nation, or the tough fibre of the Londoners.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, the British Prime Minister, a holder of the Nobel Prize in Literature, is undoubtedly considered the most influential person of his decade. Born in Blenheim Palace in Woodstock, Oxfordshire to a 19-Century Conservative minister, Randolph Churchill, he served in the British Army as a young men. In 1895 he went to Cuba in a role of an observer of the Spanish fight against the Cuban guerrillas; as writer for the Daily Graphic he had a commission to write about the conflict. In October of 1896 at his own request he was stationed in Bombay, India. Later, he worked as a correspondent for the London Morning Post. He also fought in the Second Boer War in South Africa, during which he was captured, but he managed to escape, which made him a hero back in Britain. In 1900, Churchill was elected to the House of Commons. From 1911 until World War I, Churchill was the First Lord of the Admiralty. In 1930s he supported the programme of arming the country, as war with Germany was expected, ipso facto opposing the 'appeasement policy' promoted by Prime Minister Chamberlain. As World War II broke out, King George VI asked Churchill to take the post of PM. He managed to maintain relations with Roosevelt and Stalin. After the war he was against Russian tyranny, and it was he who coined the term Iron Curtain
. Remaining a member of the House of Commons until 1955, he devoted his free time to writing historical books.
(1946-12-29 - )
For over four decades, she has been a beloved British songwriter, actress and singer recognised for her strong characteristic voice. She was born in the London suburb of Hampstead to the Baroness Eva Erisso and a British military officer and college professor. She was a student of St Joseph's Convent School in Reading, Berkshire, where she moved with her divorced mother. She was also a member of Progress Theatre. Her singing career began around 1964 when she performed in coffee houses. Discovered by the Rolling Stones' producer Andrew Loog Oldham, she released 'As Tears Go By', written by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards, and went into charts. After her unhappy marriage with Jon Dunbar, she had a relationship with Jagger. Throughout the 1970s, Fathfull was a drug addict, which affected her career and personal life. At that time, she lived on London's Soho streets and in squats in Chelsea. She made her comeback in 1979 with the album 'Broken English'. Since the 1990s on, her career has rebounded. Among her film appearances one should list 'Made in U.S.A' (1966), 'I'll Never Forget What's 'is Name' (1967), 'Shopping' (1994) and 'Marie Antoinette' (2006). Marianne Faithfull also lent her voice to Metallica's album 'Reload' (1997). In 2005, her twentieth studio album 'Before the Poison' was realised, while in March 2007 she begun her touring show, 'Songs of Innocence and Experience'. These days she resides in Paris.