Finland

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History of Finland
Finland Chronology
Finland
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Finland Chronology

Beginning of Finland
100-400 AD People from Southern Baltic migrated to Finland.
400-800 As the Iron Aged developed, Finland made its connections with the regional powerful countries.
800-1050 The Swedish Vikings formed trade connections with Russia through Finland.
1150s Finns were converted to Christianity as the Swedish crusaders marched to the south-western part of the country.
1155-1809 The Kingdom of Sweden, which included Norway and Denmark, incorporated Finland, too.
1238-1249 The Swedes made a second crusade through the region of Tavasita.
1293 The third Swedish crusade through Finland brought on the division between Catholic and Orthodox.
Medieval History of Finland
1362 Finland earned the right to be represented in Swedish elections in parliament.
1523 The Lutheran Church in Finland was established by Gustavus Vasa, the King of Sweden.
1550 The city of Helsinki was founded.
1596-1597 The farmers revolted against the nobility in the so-called Mallet War.
1617 Sweden gained control over the entire Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland.
1696-1697 One-third of the Finnish population died in the devastating famine that struck the country.
Russian Occupation of Finland
1713-1721 Russia invaded Finland and ruled in terror.
1808-1809 Sweden and Russia fought the Finnish War over the right to rule Finland.
1809 Finland was given to Russia but maintained limited autonomy.
1812 The capital of Finland became Helsinki.
1860 The markka became Finland's own currency.
1864 The Finnish peasants were allowed to buy and own lands.
1865 Finland's greatest composer, Jean Sibelius, was born.
1879-1880 Finnish explorer A.E. Nordenskiold made the first sail across the Arctic.
1881-1894 A high percentage of immigrants to the U.S. due to rural poverty.
1894-1917 Civil disobedience due to loss of Finnish autonomy and much censorship and conscription.
20th Century and Independence from Russia
1906 The establishment of Finland's National Parliament.
1907 The women were given the right to vote for the first time in European history.
1917 Independence from Russia.
1918 Russian and Finnish troops were in a civil war – the Finns won.
1919 Finland became a republic and K.J. Stahlberg was its first president.
1920 Official Finnish Independence.
1930 A Fascist movement called Laupa led to a peasants march to Helsinki.
1930-1955 A sterilization program was enacted in Finland.
1939 At the beginning of World War II Finland declared neutrality but Russia invaded and thus the Winter War began.
1940 With the Treaty of Moscow the Winter War ended with 10% of Finnish territory given to Russia.
1941 When Germany attacked the Soviet Union, Finland tried to regain its lands but as a result Britain declared war on Finland.
1944 Finland lost more territory to Russia.
1947 Peace between Russia and Finland.
1952 The Olympic Games were held in Helsinki.
1955 Finland joined the UN.
1956-1981 President is Urho Kekkonen.
1989 Became a member of the Council of Europe.
1991-1993 With the break-up of the Soviet Union Finnish economy suffered recession.
1994 Became a member of NATO program Partnership for Peace.
1995 Finland joined the European Union.
2000 Finland's first female president, Tarja Halonen, was elected and a new constitution was adopted.
Present Day Finland
2002 Finland changed its currency with the Euro.
2003 Anneli Jaatteenmaki was the first female premier but resigned soon after her election due to a scandal about the elections.
2006 January Tarja Halonen was re-elected for president.
2006 May The European Constitution was accepted.
2006 The Eurovision Song Contest was held in Finland.