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History of Finland
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History of Finland
Guide to Finland
Facts about Finland
Culture of Finland
History of Finland
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Beginning of Finland
People from Southern Baltic migrated to Finland.
As the Iron Aged developed, Finland made its connections with the regional powerful countries.
The Swedish Vikings formed trade connections with Russia through Finland.
Finns were converted to Christianity as the Swedish crusaders marched to the south-western part of the country.
The Kingdom of Sweden, which included Norway and Denmark, incorporated Finland, too.
The Swedes made a second crusade through the region of Tavasita.
The third Swedish crusade through Finland brought on the division between Catholic and Orthodox.
Medieval History of Finland
Finland earned the right to be represented in Swedish elections in parliament.
The Lutheran Church in Finland was established by Gustavus Vasa, the King of Sweden.
The city of Helsinki was founded.
The farmers revolted against the nobility in the so-called Mallet War.
Sweden gained control over the entire Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland.
One-third of the Finnish population died in the devastating famine that struck the country.
Russian Occupation of Finland
Russia invaded Finland and ruled in terror.
Sweden and Russia fought the Finnish War over the right to rule Finland.
Finland was given to Russia but maintained limited autonomy.
The capital of Finland became Helsinki.
became Finland's own currency.
The Finnish peasants were allowed to buy and own lands.
Finland's greatest composer, Jean Sibelius, was born.
Finnish explorer A.E. Nordenskiold made the first sail across the Arctic.
A high percentage of immigrants to the U.S. due to rural poverty.
Civil disobedience due to loss of Finnish autonomy and much censorship and conscription.
20th Century and Independence from Russia
The establishment of Finland's National Parliament.
The women were given the right to vote for the first time in European history.
Independence from Russia.
Russian and Finnish troops were in a civil war – the Finns won.
Finland became a republic and K.J. Stahlberg was its first president.
Official Finnish Independence.
A Fascist movement called Laupa led to a peasants march to Helsinki.
A sterilization program was enacted in Finland.
At the beginning of World War II Finland declared neutrality but Russia invaded and thus the Winter War began.
With the Treaty of Moscow the Winter War ended with 10% of Finnish territory given to Russia.
When Germany attacked the Soviet Union, Finland tried to regain its lands but as a result Britain declared war on Finland.
Finland lost more territory to Russia.
Peace between Russia and Finland.
The Olympic Games were held in Helsinki.
Finland joined the UN.
President is Urho Kekkonen.
Became a member of the Council of Europe.
With the break-up of the Soviet Union Finnish economy suffered recession.
Became a member of NATO program Partnership for Peace.
Finland joined the European Union.
Finland's first female president, Tarja Halonen, was elected and a new constitution was adopted.
Present Day Finland
Finland changed its currency with the Euro.
Anneli Jaatteenmaki was the first female premier but resigned soon after her election due to a scandal about the elections.
Tarja Halonen was re-elected for president.
The European Constitution was accepted.
The Eurovision Song Contest was held in Finland.
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